Kingfisher Pictures, Facts, and Information

Pictures of kingfishers.

Scientific name: Todiramphus cinnamominus

Habitat: Pacific islands, namely Guam

Food in the wild: Crustacean (shrimp, crayfish), small animals, fish

Food in captivity: Mealworms, mice, cricket

The Guam Kingfisher is the largest of 3 subspecies of birds from the Pacific Islands. These birds are about the size of an American robin, but with disproportionately large heads and long, slender beaks. Males have orangey-brown feathers covering their body with green-blue wing patches and a blue tail. Females are similar in coloring with white breast feathers.

Guam Kingfishers are aggressive birds, one of the problems in breeding them in captivity. Not only do they protect themselves from other birds, they are also aggressive with their mate and towards their babies.

These birds nest in dead trees in holes they carve out themselves. Females lay 2-3 white eggs at a time. Both parents care for their babies until they are ready to leave the nest after about a month.

Currently this bird is exinct in the wild and can only be found in zoos and breeding facilities. The extirpation (local extinction) is blamed on the introduction of the brown tree snake in the 1940s. This snake is not native to Guam and eats rodents and birds. As the snake's numbers quickly multiplied, the numbers of birds quickly dropped.