Pictures of porcupines.
Species: There are 22 species of Porcupine including the North American, Bristle-spined Rat, Black Dwarf, Brazilian, Bahia, and Stump-tailed Porcupine.
Lifespan: The maximum lifespan of a Porcupine is 20 years, but they generally live about 15 years.
Size & Weight: The smallest species of Porcupine is the Bahia hairy hwarf porcupine, which only gets to be 15 inches long including it's tail. The largest species, the North African crested porcupine, is 36 inches long! Depending ont he species porcupines can be anywhere between 2 and 77 lbs!
Habitat: Pocupines can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, North, South, and Central America. Their habitat varies depending upon the species, and they inhabit desert, rain forest, prairies, and mountainous areas.
Because of their differences, porcupine species are divided into two categories: old world and new world. Old world porcupines are from Asia, Europe, and Africa. New world are fromt he Americas. Old world porcupines spend most of their time on the ground and in burrows. New world porcupines spend a lot of their time in trees.
Diet: Old world porcupines eat bark, roots, fruit and berries. New world porcupines eat bark, tubers, crops, fruit, pine needles, nuts, flowers, and seeds.
Family Life: Old world porcupines are fairly social and spend a lot of their time in pairs. Most porcupines are fairly solitary but will get together to mate, to keep warm in the winter, and if their is an abundant food source.
Pocupines needles are soft when they are born and begin to harden days after their birth!
Porcupines are good swimmers!