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Snakes, Snake Pictures, Facts, and Information

Pictures of snakes, which are meat-eating reptiles without legs. There are other legless lizards in the animal kingdoms, but what makes snakes unique is their lack of external ears and eyelids.

Like other reptiles, snakes are cold-blooded, meaning that their primary source of heat is gained from the environment or through their own activity, such as movement. This is why the majority of species of snakes are found in sub-tropical to tropical climates.

However, there are numerous Snakes in temperate climates as well. Snakes that are common to the New England area are water snakes, garter snakes, milk snakes, black racers, ring snakes, and the hog nose snake, which are all non-venomous. However, the timber rattlesnake and copperheads are venomous and are indigenous to New England.

Snakeskin is comprised of a series of overlapping scales. The common belief is that they are slimy, but snakes are dry and smooth to the touch. They move across the ground by using specialized scales on their underside that grab the surface and pull them along. Throughout their life, snakes shed their old scales through molting. The purpose of this is to remove damaged or worn skin and rid themselves of parasites such as ticks and mites.

Snakes are carnivores and they hunt primarily by smell. Using their forked tongue, they pick up small particles in the air given off by their prey. Also in the tongue is a directional sensor that tells the snake which direction the scent came from.  Snakes primarily eat small animals such as other reptiles (including snakes), rodents and other tiny mammals, fish, snails, birds, eggs, snails, and insects. Snakes do not chew their food and must swallow it whole. To do this requires to them to open their jaw wider then their prey. Thus, it is widely believe that snakes can dislocate their jaws, but this is not true. Snakes lower jaws are in two halves which are highly flexible.  It contorts to wrap around its prey allowing the snake to pull its food down into its throat.