Pictures of Wild Turkeys that I've taken both in the wild and in farm environments.
Animal: Wild Turkey
Species: There are six subspecies of wild turkey, the Eastern, Oceola, Rio Grande, Merriam's, Gould's, and the Ocellated turkey.
Size: Wild turkeys are about 3.5 feet tall, can weigh up to 20 lbs, and have a wing span of 4-5 ft.
Lifespan: In the wild, turkeys live to be about 4 years old.
Habitat: Wild turkeys are native to continental North America, but populations have been established by people in New Zealand, Hawaii, and Mexico. They prefer densely wooded areas with trees they can roost in. They also prefer to have a body of fresh water within their range.
Family Life: During the winter months, the turkeys gather into flocks that consist of dozens to hundreds of turkeys. Once the spring comes and they are ready to mate, they split off into groups. The female turkeys (hens) go in one group, males (toms) in another, and Jakes (young males) into another. Once it's time to mate the dominant tom does most of the breeding. When it comes time for the hens to lay her eggs she separates herself from other turkeys, finds a safe place to lay her eggs (usually an area with brush or tall grass), digs a shallow hole and fills it with sticks, and then lays about a dozen eggs. The young turkeys are able to fly about ten days after they are born and stay with their mother until they are mature.
Diet: Turkeys eat mostly vegetation consisting of leaves, roots, fruits and nuts. They also eat insects and sometimes small lizards.
Turkeys can run up to 25 mph and can fly up to 45 mph
The Eastern turkey is the most abundant subspecies of turkey
The wild turkey was Benjamin Franklin's choice for the United States national bird